Negotiators will also try to reach some kind of agreement on the country`s political future. A peaceful solution to the ongoing war in Afghanistan may be within reach. In February 2020, the United States reached an agreement with the Taliban and also signed a declaration with the Afghan government to promote the launch of an internal peace process in Afghanistan. Many challenges still stand in the way of the success of these negotiations and, therefore, at the end of the longest war in the United States. The Center for Preventive Action (CPA) has gathered these resources on the prospects for peace in Afghanistan, including the context of recently signed agreements, key challenges and concerns related to the implementation of the agreements, and the role of powerful regional actors and their influence. Border crossings: Can the Taliban and Afghan leaders share peace? Representatives of the United States and the Taliban who participated in the signing of a landmark agreement in Qatar in February avoided calling it a “peace agreement.” CPA recently issued a contingency planning memorandum, “A Failed Afghan Peace Deal,” by Seth G. Jones, Harold Brown Chair and Director of the Transnational Threat Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Mr. Jones talks about the significant hurdles that remain to be overcome for an internal peace agreement in Afghanistan and outlines the steps the United States can take to prevent the failure of a peace agreement in Afghanistan. The four-part agreement between the United States and the Taliban has forced the United States to withdraw most of its troops from Afghanistan, which it is doing. In exchange, the Taliban assured that Afghanistan would no longer be used as a base for attacks against the United States and its allies. It also agreed to cooperate with the Afghan government. The Afghan government has expressed its readiness to participate in intra-Afghan negotiations, provided the Taliban respects the terms of the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, and has committed to discussing the release of the prisoners.
With the United States, the Afghan government has also agreed to begin reviewing its sanctions against the Taliban after intra-Afghan negotiations begin. For its part, the United States reaffirmed its determination to obtain approval by the United Nations Security Council for future agreements, to cooperate with the Afghan government in reconstruction efforts and to refrain from intervening in Afghanistan`s internal affairs. Mutual distrust means that the peace process could collapse.